Features Of Australian Cattle Dog

Features Of Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog, also known as the Cattle Dog, is a breed of herding dog that was created in Australia for droving cattle across difficult terrain over long distances. This breed is a short-haired, medium-sized dog that comes in two primary color varieties. It has white fur that is fairly evenly covered in either red or black hair, giving the impression that it is a “red” or “blue” dog.


The Australian Cattle Dog is a lively, intelligent dog with an independent streak, just like other working breeds. It takes structured training well, especially if it is engaging and difficult. It has a history of nipping children who are running, as it was bred to herd by biting. It develops a close bond with its owners and may become fiercely protective of them and their belongings. It requires only brushing during the shedding season and is simple to maintain. Deafness, progressive blindness, and accidental injury are the most frequent health issues; otherwise, this breed is robust and has a lifespan of 12 to 16 years.

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According to Wikipedia, Thomas Hall, a cattle farmer in New South Wales, crossed domesticated dingoes with the drovers’ dogs native to his parents’ county of Northumberland in the 19th century. Halls Heelers were the name given to the resulting canines. The dogs were made available to people other than the Hall family and their friends after Hall’s passing in 1870. They later evolved into the Australian Cattle Dog and the Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog, two contemporary breeds. The first breed standard was created by Robert Kaleski, who had a significant impact on its advancement.

Due to its coloring and propensity to nip at the heels of reluctant cattle, the Australian Cattle Dog has earned the nicknames “Red Heeler” and “Blue Heeler.” In order to distinguish them from lines bred in New South Wales, dogs from a Queensland-bred line that had achieved success at shows and at stud in the 1940s were given the nickname “Queensland Heelers,” which is now occasionally used to refer to any Australian Cattle Dog.


Features Of The Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog appears to be agile and strong because it is a sturdy, muscular, compact dog. It has muscular cheeks and a medium-length, deep, and powerful muzzle. Its broad skull flattens to a clear stop between the eyes. The ears are pricked, small to medium in size, and spaced widely. The inside of the ears is covered in hair. The dark, oval eyes have an alert, perceptive expression. The feet are round and arched, with small, robust toes and nails, and the forelegs are straight and parallel. The neck and shoulders are also strong and muscular.

Even when bred for companionship or competition, the Australian Cattle Dog is expected to have well-conditioned muscles, and the breed standard specifies that every aspect of the dog’s appearance should be balanced and symmetrical. It shouldn’t appear either delicate or heavy, as both traits reduce the agility and endurance required of a working dog.

Size Of An Australian Cattle Dog

At the withers, the female Australian Cattle Dog is roughly 43-48 centimeters (17-19 in) and the male is roughly 46-51 centimeters (18-20 in). The ratio of the dog’s body length from breast bone to buttocks to its height at the withers should be greater than or equal to 10. a cattle from Australia


Color and Coat

Red and blue are the only two acceptable coat colors. Cream and chocolate are viewed as flaws. With tan on the legs and chest, white markings, and a black patch or “mask” on one or both sides of the head, blue dogs can be blue, blue mottled, or blue speckled. Similar to blue dogs, red dogs can have a brown (red) patch “mask” on one or both sides of the head, as well as occasionally on the body. Red dogs are uniformly speckled with solid red markings.

Except for any solid-colored body or face markings, both red dogs and blue dogs are born white. As they mature and grow older, the red or black hairs begin to show. 


The Australian Cattle Dog should have a natural, long, undocked tail, according to the breed standards of the Australian, American, and Canadian kennel clubs. At the base of the tail, which is frequently solid color, there is a white tip. The tail should be moderately low set and follow the back’s slope. Even though an excited dog may carry its tail higher, it should hang in a slight curve when at rest. A good amount of brush should cover the tail.

On working stock, tails may occasionally be docked in the US. Australia does not dock its animals’ tails, which helps them move more quickly and with greater agility. Australian Cattle Dogs are a separate breed in general. 


The Australian Cattle Dog is a loving and entertaining pet when at home. It is, however, wary of strangers and naturally cautious in novel circumstances. When trained for this role, its approach to strangers makes it an excellent guard dog, and as a family pet, it can be socialized from an early age to become accustomed to a variety of people. It works well with older, considerate kids, but it will nip at people’s heels and herd them, especially young kids who run and squeal. Puppies ought to know that being around people is enjoyable and that following directions from a person is rewarding by the time they are weaned.

Like many working dogs, the Australian Cattle Dog is high-spirited, intelligent, and somewhat independent. According to Stanley Coren’s The Intelligence of Dogs, where the breed is ranked 10th, it is one of the most intelligent canines in terms of obedience and command trainability. Considering that the Cattle Dog breed requires a lot of exercise, companionship, and a job to do, a non-working Cattle Dog may participate in dog sports, learn tricks, or engage in other activities that test both its body and mind.