Harlequin Rabbit Breed Information, History And All You Need To Know

Harlequin Rabbit Breed Information, History, And All You Need To Know

Welcome to NAGRO. Are you looking to buy a Harlequin Rabbit, maybe a recommendation from a friend or loved one but you don’t know much about them? if that’s the case, then you are at the right place as we will be giving you information and all you need to know about them in this article.


The Harlequin rabbit is a rare breed with a variety of coat colors. Because of their unusual colors and markings, these rabbits are commonly referred to as the “clown of rabbits.”

The Harlequin is one of the oldest breeds, having been established in France in the 1880s. Because of their beautiful coat, these rabbits are generally bred as show rabbits, but they are also popular as companion pets.

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These rabbits are huge and can make wonderful family pets. They are calm and kind, and they make excellent playmates for kids. If you want to learn more about this fascinating breed and discover if they’re the right pet for you, keep reading to learn everything you need to know.


Before we go further, let’s look at the brief history of the Harlequin Rabbit:

Brief History of the Harlequin Rabbit

There are two types of Harlequin rabbits: Japanese and Magpie. While these two types are nearly identical in every manner, their coat colors are what distinguishes them.

Some rabbit aficionados do not believe the Harlequin rabbit is a breed, but rather a color that rabbits can have. The American Rabbit Breeders Association (ARBA) and the British Rabbit Council, on the other hand, recognize the Harlequin rabbit.


In 1887, the Harlequin rabbit was first shown at International events in Paris. From there, they were imported into England and became popular show animals.

The breed is best identified by its colouration and markings. It has the nickname “the clown of the rabbits” and “the royal jester”.

Two Types of Harlequin Rabbit Breed

  • Japanese Harlequin Rabbit: The recognized Japanese Harlequin rabbit colours are, Black, Blue, Chocolate (brown) and Lilac
  • Magpie Harlequin Rabbit: Black, Blue, Chocolate (brown), and Lilac

Characteristics Of Harlequin Rabbit Breed

1. Harlequin rabbits are intelligent, lively, and docile.

2. They have a medium-sized head with a roundish form and medium-length, upright ears.

3. The weight of a Harlequin rabbit varies between 2 and 3 kg.

4. Harlequin does, like most other rabbit breeds, are heavier than harlequin bucks.

5. Harlequin rabbits have short hairs, but their coats are dense and velvety.

5. Blue, black, lilac, chocolate (all blended with orange), and black, blue, lilac, and chocolate are the main color schemes of the Harlequin rabbit (all mixed with white).

6. The head, hooves, ears, and body of a flawless Harlequin rabbit will be split between the two colors. It appears to be a flawless striped pattern between the two colors.

7. The Harlequin rabbit has a life expectancy of 5 years or more.

Harlequin Rabbit Breed

Health Issues Harlequin Rabbit Normally Develop

Harlequins, like all rabbits, are susceptible to certain health issues. Most rabbits are concerned about the same things.

1. Gastrointestinal Stasis (GI Stasis): This is a potentially fatal disorder in which the digestive system slows or stops completely. Loss of appetite, tiny or no fecal pellets, and lethargy are all symptoms. If found early enough, it can be cured.

2. Malocclusion: When the upper and lower teeth are misaligned, the regular chewing process does not wear down the teeth of your rabbit. Dental checkups should be done on a regular basis. Make sure your rabbit gets enough hay as well.

3. Ear Mites are a frequent parasite seen in pet rabbits. If your rabbit is afflicted, you may notice them shaking their heads a lot. Your veterinarian will be able to help you.

If they are mishandled or accidentally fallen, they, like all rabbits, can develop back problems.

Regular vet visits will ensure that any health issues are detected before they get too serious. Make certain that you are purchasing from a reliable breeder.

Feeding Information (Diet)

The amount you feed your Harlequin rabbit should be determined by their size, age, and degree of activity. Every day, they should eat a piece of hay equal to their body weight, as well as pellets and fresh vegetables. They should also have access to fresh water at all times.

Hay is essential because it keeps your Harlequin’s digestive system running and wears down their teeth, making them less prone to dental problems. Hay should make up at least 70% of your rabbit’s diet.

Supplemental pellets of high-quality services to supply extra vitamins and minerals to keep your rabbit healthy. Take a look at the recommended additional pellet meal below.

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Profile Summary of Harlequin Rabbit Breed

Breed Name Harlequin Rabbit
Country of Origin France
Purpose Show, Meat and Pet
Body Size Small to Medium
Body Weight Mean body weight is about 2.5 kg
Breed Rarity Very common breed
Temperament Low
Tolerance Can tolerance both harsh and mild climates
Hardiness Hardy
Color Varieties The Japanese Harlequin rabbit is known for its unique blend of either black, chocolate, blue or lilac color on a fawn or orange background. The Magpie Harlequin rabbit is known for its blue, lilac, chocolate, or black markings on a white background.
Commercial Purpose Yes

Some Frequently Asked Questions on Harlequin Rabbit

Is it possible to keep Harlequin rabbits as pets?

The Harlequin rabbit is playful, docile, and intelligent, as you may have learned from the previous writings.

The rabbit, like most varieties, can answer to its own name and can even be trained in a litter box.

They are gentle, but, like all rabbits, they require a lot of care. Rabbits are unusual animals that require constant attention from responsible and financially capable people.

What is the best way to care for a Harlequin rabbit?

Harlequin rabbits have short, smooth fur that requires little maintenance to stay clean.

Shedding is modest, but if you’re concerned about the amount of hair that can end up on your clothes and furnishings, brush them once a week or as needed using a wire bristles brush.

What Size Cage Should My Rabbit Have?

When it comes to rabbits, the bigger the better! If you have the space for a large hutch, your rabbit will love the extra area to run around and exercise. Nobody wants to be crammed into a small place!

If you don’t have much space, the cage should be at least four times the rabbit’s size. Smaller rabbits (less than 8 pounds) should use a 24′′ by 36′′ guides, while larger rabbits should use a 30′′ by 36′′ guides. Hutches with numerous stories are particularly popular since they provide extra area for your bun.


These bunnies also make excellent pets. The Harlequin does not have high care needs and is perfect for first-time owners. They are playful and curious and can usually be found exploring their surroundings. If you’ve got the space for one, why not add a Harlequin rabbit to your family